Lepchas are the original inhabitants of the Darjeeling Hills. Their origin is doubtful but they are Mongolians in features. The Khampas, another branch of the Lepchas, are recent immigrants from Tibet. Gorkhas form a greater bulk of the people in the Hills. This industrious and enterprising race speaks various dialects. These short and Mongolian type Nepalese are famous for their military prowess in the world. They traditionally carry the Khukri, a curved ornamental knife. Among the population are also the Newars or Sherpas who are well known for their courage and stamina and also for their immeasurable contributions to Mountaineering. Bhutias are also in the significant numbers in the hills. They are divided into Tibet, Bhutan, Dharma and Sikkimese Bhutias. A greater bulk of Bengalis from Siliguri subdivision is also part of the population.
The Nepalese have rich folk culture. The hills and valleys are the treasure house of songs and dances of the hill folk which are the inseparable part of their life. There seems a significant influence of the Majestic Himalayan mountains, its lush green hills and forests on the culture including the folk songs and dances of the people inhabiting in the Himalayan regions.Get Tour package to Darjeeling in very affordable price. The two major religions of the region, Hinduism and Buddhism also have influenced the Nepali culture.
Prevailing languages here are Nepali, Hindi, Bengali and English. Tibetan is used by the refugees and some other tribal people. Predominant religions here are Hinduism, Buddhism and to an extent Christianity.